STATE OF CONNECTICUT
The 'Donut' in State, County and City
URBAN RESEARCH IN THE CITY OF HARTFORD
URBAN DESIGN STUDIO
with Tian Guo, Ruilan Jia, Xiaohan Wang
Division of Work - Schematic Design, Mapping, GIS Analysis, 3D Modeling, Landscape Design, Performance Space Design, Rendering, Animation
The story of Hartford begins by reconsidering the familiar poor cities and rich suburbs narrative that is so ingrained in our present-day thinking, which in some eyes, the region now resembles a “doughnut,” with a fiscally depressed and non-white concentrated center surrounded by a suburban ring. But a century ago, these roles were reversed.
Prior to the 1950s, Hartford as Connecticut’s capital city was the center of financial wealth, adorned by its high-qualified public education. By contrast, public schools in suburbs were relatively weak in attracting middle-class families to the suburb. However, in post-war human capital markets, education became a powerful magnet, the rise of suburban schools attributed partly both to the actions of real estate firms and government policies, promoted selected private suburban homes by marketing their access to more desirable public schools. And the government redlining racial and class boundaries advanced segregation process.